Live Wire: The Basics of Electrical Wirings at Home

Electrical Wirings

One of the most basic skills required for a homeowner to have is the ability to handle basic wirings. More often than not, things may not go according to plan with the electrical cables, and you may have to tend to it immediately instead of waiting for electricians to avoid a big accident. Of course, it is always advisable to ask for professional help, but if the necessary fix is doable with just a basic knowledge of the task, you may very well do it yourself.

With all of that being said, if you happen to be a beginner when it comes to these electrical wiring tasks, then you may need to learn a few pointers before even attempting to handle any electrical cable. The following information may help you handle all of your wiring woes at home.

Some Safety Tips to Consider

Your safety must always come first. As with any DIY or home-improvement solutions at home, you should follow preventive measures in order to avoid accidents. This holds true, especially if you’re going to handle electricity, an instigator of over 4,000 non-fatal injuries every year in the U.S.

The following are just some of the things you should prepare and remember before, during, and after handling electrical wires.

- You Should See to It That Your Tools Have Rubber Grips

Rubber is known to be perfect insulators against electricity, so is it any wonder why they are the perfect choice for a tool’s grip handles?

First, check if the rubber grips on your tools and equipment haven’t been torn off due to years of use. If they have been torn off, see if you can replace the rubber grips before you use them. If they can’t be salvaged at all, then it’s time to buy newer and safer tools.

- You Should Turn Off the Main Switch Before Handling the Wires

Live wires are not a fun thing to hold on to. Even with a slight touch, the muscles in your hands would contract, lengthening your hold on the wire and extending the damages on your body.

Turn off the main switch and have a handy flashlight with you, so you may see the cables even if there’s no light.

- You Should Double-Check If the Electric Tapes Have Been Properly Applied

Electric tapes are used as a form of protected wrapping material against live wires since they insulate the flow of electricity. Make sure that you’ve taped the wires thoroughly before turning on the switch so that no one would be injured by electrocution.

A Primer on Electrical Wires

Electrical wires are usually colour-coded, as each of them has their own main functionalities. Take note of the following for your future fixes:

  • Both white and grey wires are known as neutral wires since their main function is to carry all the currents towards your home. They may be called neutral wires, but they are still risky to touch since they have an ample amount of jolt in them.

  • Black wires are the riskiest to handle, as they carry live currents from the main panel itself. The electrical current is directed towards your appliances and other household amenities.

  • Red wires are always active with live current, but this is because of a very good reason. They normally interconnect amongst your smoke detectors, so even if one of them were damaged, your other smoke detectors would still work.

  • White wires may also be converted to live wires, depending on their new conversion. For example, you may connect them with the red and black wires and label them with colour-coded tapes.


Handling your electrical wires at home isn’t an easy task, but if you would familiarise yourself with the basics, the safety measures, and the colour-codings of the wires themselves, you are very much on your way to being capable of handling basic wiring. If it is all overwhelming from the get-go, call for professional help and have your cables handled with safety. Learn from the experts and practise their techniques with utmost caution.

If you are looking for expert electricians in Edmonton to handle your electrical home repairs, look no further than Kite Electric. We are backed by our years of experience in residential and commercial electric repairs and green energy installations, among others. Contact us now for more information about our complete range of services.

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